Opposite Of Platonic, Antonyms of Platonic, Meaning and Example Sentences Antonym opposite words contradict each other and meet opposite meanings. In the Middle Ages arose a new interest in Plato, his philosophy and his view of love. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Platonic_love&oldid=996247071, Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2019, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Messman, S. J., Hause, D. J., & Hause, K. S. (2000). The English term dates back to William Davenant's The Platonic Lovers (performed in 1635); a critique of the philosophy of platonic love which was popular at Charles I's court. [4], "[...] decent human beings must be gratified, as well as those that are not as yet decent, so that they might become more decent; and the love of the decent must be preserved. Socrates defines love based on separate classifications of pregnancy (to bear offspring); pregnancy of the body, pregnancy of the soul, and direct connection to Being. So the expression does line up with what Plato says about love. 1 : love conceived by Plato as ascending from passion for the individual to contemplation of the universal and ideal. For Plato, love aims at beautiful and good things, because this brings happiness. [clarification needed][2], Platonic love is examined in Plato's dialogue, the Symposium, which has as its topic the subject of love or Eros generally. "[9] "Platonic lovers function to underscore a supportive role where the friend sees her or his duty as the provision of advice, encouragement, and comfort to the other person ... and do not entail exclusivity."[10]. [3], What Plato describes as "pregnancy of the body" is entirely carnal and seeks pleasure and beauty in bodily form only. Real platonic love is stronger and more meaningful than romantic or sexual love. Platonic love is understood as a distance love, based on fantasy and idealization , where the object of love is the perfect being, which possesses all good qualities and without defects. Such a form of love is impossible for a mortal to achieve. [5], "Eros is ... a moment of transcendence ... in so far as the other can never be possessed without being annihilated in its status as the other, at which point both desire and transcendence would cease ... (84)[5], In the Symposium, Eros is discussed as a Greek god—more specifically, the king of the gods, with each guest of the party giving a eulogy in praise of Eros. The love between friends is platonic love. Platonic love: dasein's urge toward being. That’s why when we use the term in daily life, we talk about it as a non-romantic love you have for a friend, which obviously means it’s non-sexual, too. Platonic love is a type of love that is chaste and non-sexual. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The term is named after Plato, who philosophised about the nature of love. In this sense, it most often refers to a heterosexual relationship. Rojcewicz, R. (1997). Virtue is the result of pregnancy of the soul. Platonic love as devised by Plato concerns rising through levels of closeness to wisdom and true beauty from carnal attraction to individual bodies to attraction to souls, and eventually, union with the truth. Both expressions signify a love focused on the beauty of a person's character and intelligence rather than on their physical charms. One of the complications of platonic love lies within the persistence of the use of the title itself "platonic love" versus the use of "friend". (2013). "Platonic love: dasein's urge toward being. Definition of platonic love. Platonic love, a phrase used in two senses, with allusion in both cases to Plato’s account of love in his Symposium. It resonates with element water, since emotions need to flow. If a guy and a girl hang out all the time but aren't boyfriend and girlfriend, they'd describe their friendship as platonic. The first use of the modern sense of platonic love is taken a… Originally, Platonic love was love that was not vulgar, meaning it wasn’t centered on lust or fulfilling carnal needs. It may also be used to cover that stage of courtly love in which sexual intercourse is indefinitely postponed. • When I talk about love affairs, I also include platonic love affairs. Pausanias, in Plato's Symposium (181b–182a), explained two types of love or Eros—Vulgar Eros or earthly love and Divine Eros or divine love. ‘platonic love’ ‘Modern readers continue to debate whether the poems express platonic friendship or sexual love.’ ‘Have you had a platonic friendship that crossed the line and became romantic or sexual?’ ‘It is a purely platonic friendship, we are good company for each other.’ “And those who only know the non-platonic love have no need to talk of tragedy. Platonic definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or Platonism. In its crudest form, love for a beautiful person is really a passion to beget offspring by that person and so to attain, by the perpetuation of one’s stock, the substitute for immortality which is all the body can achieve. platonic expression of inclination or liking. A more spiritual form of the same craving for eternity is the aspiration to win immortal fame by combining with a kindred soul to give birth to sound institutions and rules of life. This concept of Divine Eros is later transformed into the term platonic love. Dynamics of vision in Plato's thought. Still more spiritual is the endeavour, in association with chosen minds, to enrich philosophy and science with noble discourses and thoughts. This video is unavailable. When we learn a language, when we learn a word in that language, it will be very useful for us to learn both the opposite and the synonyms of this word. However, these days the term “platonic relationship” is usually … For a brief period, Platonic love was a fashionable subject at the English royal court, especially in the circle around Queen Henrietta Maria, the wife of King Charles I. Platonic love was the theme of some of the courtly masques performed in the Caroline era—though the fashion soon waned under pressures of social and political change. This was caused by Georgios Gemistos Plethon during the Councils of Ferrara and Firenze in 1438–1439. Omissions? • And her diary reveals claims that her request for a purely platonic friendship had been loosely interpreted by Gerald. It explains the possibilities of how the feeling of love began and how it has evolved—both sexually and non-sexually. According to Plato, there are different stages of appreciation and love that a person must go through if he feels inclined to experience the ultimate and divine love, named ‘The Beautiful’. This can be seen as a form of linguistic relativity. Learn more. ", This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 11:58. One would be forever limited to beauty of the body, never being able to access the true essence of beauty. The centre of philosophical interest lies in the discourse of Socrates, which he professes to have learned from the priestess Diotima of Mantinea. Platonic describes a relationship that is purely spiritual and not physical. Watch this video to understand the same. [8], "Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, especially in cases where one might easily assume otherwise. Pregnancy of the soul, the next step in the process, produces "virtue"—which is the soul (truth) translating itself into material form. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Platonic love meant ideal sympathy ; it now means the love of a sentimental young gentleman for a woman he cannot or will not marry. She values the platonic friendship she has had with Chris for ten years. Platonic love (often lower-cased as platonic love)[1] is a type of love that is not sexual. Vulgar Eros is nothing but mere material attraction towards a beautiful body for physical pleasure and reproduction. How to use platonic in a sentence. On Ficin… Instead, it was a love that inspired nobler pursuits, and brought one closer to the divine. It is the use of the word love that directs us towards a deeper relationship than the scope of a normal friendship. Clearly, today this is no longer completely the case. Pregnancy of the body results in human children. Secondly, a study by Hause and Messman[which?] Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Platonic love, a supremely affectionate relationship between human beings in which sexual intercourse is neither desired nor practiced. "[4] (180c, 8) – Plato's quoting of Phaedrus' eulogy on Eros. There is no need for a sexual connection. [4], "Now, if both these portraits of love, the tragic and the comic, are exaggerations, then we could say that the genuine portrayal of Platonic love is the one that lies between them. A platonic relationship or emotion is loving but not sexual: 2. If a guy and a girl hang out all the time but aren't boyfriend and girlfriend, they'd describe their friendship as platonic. Platonic definition, of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or his doctrines: the Platonic philosophy of ideal forms. From the Renaissance to the end of the 19th century, the term platonic love was also used as an occasional euphemism for homosexual love, in view of the comparatively tolerant attitude to such love discernible in Plato as well as in other Greek authors. Later in 1469, Marsilio Ficinoput forward a theory of neo-platonic love in which he defines love as a personal ability of an individual which guides their soul towards cosmic processes and lofty spiritual goals and heavenly ideas (De Amore, Les Belles Lettres, 2012). [4], "So this is how I assert that Eros is the oldest, most honorable, and most competent of the gods with regard to the acquisition of virtue and happiness by human beings both when living and dead. The Sacral Chakra, also known as the Swadishthan Chakra, represents Joy, well being and emotion. To put it simply, platonic love refers to a form of love that is not sexual. The first use of the modern sense of platonic love is taken as an invention of Ficino in one of his letters. In the Middle Ages arose a new interest in Plato, his philosophy and his view of love. This is the ancient, philosophical interpretation. Thus it resonates with the Icosahedron. This was caused by Georgios Gemistos Plethon during the Councils of Ferrara and Firenze in 1438–1439. The step of this ascent is known as the "Ladder of Love". [according to whom?] It explains the possibilities of how the feeling of love began, and how it has evolved — both sexually and non … Watch Queue Queue. Unlike romantic love, in platonic love, you feel attracted by their inner self, personality, and character. Virtue, according to Greek philosophy, is the concept of how closely reality and material form equate with the ideal, true essence of an idea, such as beauty. Platonic relationships or feelings of affection do not involve sex. Each step closer to the truth further distances love from beauty of the body toward love that is more focused on wisdom and the essence of beauty. 2 : a close relationship between two persons in which sexual desire is nonexistent or has been suppressed or sublimated. Basically platonic love is an ideal kind of love where there’s no sexual desire. The term amor platonicus was coined as early as the 15th Century by the Florentine scholar Marsilio Ficino as a synonym for amor socraticus. ", Miller, P. A. 2. adjective [usually ADJECTIVE noun] Platonic means relating to the ideas of the Greek philosopher Plato. Divine Eros begins the journey from physical attraction, i.e. ", Rojcewicz, R. (1997). 2 This is the celebrated Platonic Love, which, from having originally meant a communion of two souls, and that in a rigidly dialectical sense, has been degraded to the expression of maudlin sentiment between the sexes. According to Diotima in her discussion with Socrates, for anyone to achieve the final rung in the Ladder of Love, they would essentially transcend the body and rise to immortality—gaining direct access to Being. Platonic love definition, love of the Idea of beauty, seen as terminating an evolution from the desire for an individual and the love of physical beauty to the love and contemplation of … These two extremes of love are seen by the Greeks in terms of tragedy and comedy. attraction towards beautiful form or body but transcends gradually to love for Supreme Beauty. [3], "... virtue for the Greeks means self-sameness ... in Plato's terms, Being or idea. Platonic love in this original sense of the term is examined in Plato's dialogue the Symposium, which has as its topic the subject of love or Eros generally. "... what is good is beautiful, and what is beautiful is good ..."[6], The Ladder of Love is named as such because it relates each step toward Being itself as consecutive rungs of a ladder. They refer to the special bond of affection between two men Plato had highlighted in a dialogue, and exemplified by the affection between Socrates and his young male pupils, in particular to the one between Socrates and Alcibiades. In addition to being used to refer to a feeling, 'Platonic love 'It is also used to refer to the loved and idealized person who provokes this feeling. A romantic bond between a couple that involves no lust or carnality; often a deep pure love. What about the fact that boys and girls can never be friends? It may take a lot to shake up a platonic relationship. All the surprises in the world could pop up, but this relationship may stay the same. It brought about the best in both people. Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. Some modern authors' perception of the terms "virtue" and "good" as they are translated into English from the Symposium are a good indicator of this misunderstanding. [3], Diotima considers the idea of a mortal having direct access to Being to be a comic situation simply because of the impossibility of it. • Lovely platonic evenings, the odd kiss and fumble? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It is derived from the concept in Plato's Symposium of the love of the idea of good which lies at the root of all virtue and truth. For Diotima, and for Plato generally, the most correct use of love of human beings is to direct one's mind to love of divinity. In the following quote, the author simplifies the idea of virtue as simply what is "good". Miller, P. A. So, while it can certainly coexist with erotic love, it can also help both parties to it live more fulfilling lives even in the absence of romance. Sometimes, the connection is even greater. Thus, in common speech, platonic love means a supremely affectionate relationship between human beings in which sexual intercourse is neither desired nor practiced. The immediate object of the Symposium—which professes to record the discourses made in eulogy of Eros by a group of eminent speakers at a banquet in honour of the tragic poet Agathon—is to find the highest manifestation of the love which controls the world in the mystic aspiration after union with the eternal and supercosmic beauty. "[4] (187d, 17) - Eryximachus' "completion" of Pausanias' speech on Eros, Plato's Symposium defines two extremes in the process of platonic love; the entirely carnal and the entirely ethereal. By extension, it may be used to cover that stage of chivalrous or courtly love in which sexual intercourse is indefinitely postponed. If she describes the relationship as being platonic, most likely that's how she really views it. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. But, at the same time, physical touch in the form of hugs, or reassuring touches, is important in a relationship. Originally, Plato’s view was directed towards same-sex relationships (sexual or not), but as time passed, our definition of platonic love has shifted. Platonic love can be sturdy, unwavering, and unfazed. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). A feeling of familiarity with another. The real meaning of love in a relationship is to willfully compromise your needs in order to accommodate your partner’s needs or desires. Since the Cube is the most stable Platonic Solid and roots love to grow in the Earth, it strongly resonates with the Root Chakra. The following signs will make it easier to identify a platonic love friendship. It usually applies to that love which develops from an ideal or imagination, without any sexual intimacy. 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